How to Clean Up Your Browser’s Cache, Cookies and History

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The websites you visit, your passwords, browsing history, downloaded files, and much more are all stored in your browser. Your PC gets slower as a result of this data building up over time. Frequently clearing your browser’s cache, cookies, and history is a good practice. Additionally, this frees up some space on your PC, safeguard your personal data, removes extraneous files, and enhances computer performance.

What is a Browser Cache?

A browser cache is a database of files that are used to store resources from websites that have been downloaded. Images, text, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are all common types of resources that a browser caches. When compared to the many other kinds of databases used on websites, the browser cache isn’t that big.

In general, a cache is a piece of software or hardware that captures and temporarily stores data so that the user can quickly get to that data in the future.

There are many different kinds of caching, such as browser caching, distributed server caching for high-volume systems, application caching to log website HTML, data caching for content management systems, gateway caching, proxy caching, and many more.

So, browser caching is a part of general caching:

  • Is a piece of software that is stored on the browser you use to look at websites.
  • Uses a small database, which is much smaller than standard server or website cache systems.
  • Takes data from websites you visit that has been downloaded and is now stored locally, on the client side. In a nutshell, it saves information on your computer.
  • Stores resources for a website, like files for coding, media assets, and your own site preferences.
  • Uses the website resources that were saved so that they can be delivered faster in the future.
  • Utilizes that data to provide a more desirable user experience.

Simply put, a browser cache saves parts of the websites you visit in a database. This makes pages load faster (especially if your internet connection is slow or goes out) and gives you a better experience the next time you visit a site you’ve already been to.

How does a Browser Cache work?

Here’s a more detailed explanation of how a browser cache works:

  1. Let’s say the browser is Firefox. It tells the web server that it wants some content, most likely from a website. We call this a request.
  2. At the same time, our Firefox browser looks at its database, the browser cache. It checks to see if any information from the website that was asked for has already been cached (saved inside the cache).
  3. If the requested content isn’t already in the browser’s cache, it is sent directly from the web server. We call this a response.
  4. If the requested content is already in the browser’s cache, our Firefox browser ignores the server and pulls the content from its cache.
  5. Not only must the cache have the right information for the page you want, but that information can’t be “old.” Almost all cached data has an expiration date, so the browser may run into old cached data. Since site content changes often, it would be careless to keep track of and serve up old content to users. The goal is for the browser to only show content that is almost exactly the same as what is already on the website.

In general, the browser pulls from its cache when it has data from the requested website in its cache and that data is not too old.

We talked about what kind of information is stored in a browser’s cache. From a basic point of view, the browser cache is where things like login information, user settings, and site content are stored. Still, these resources are stored in databases using more complicated tools like cookies, Web Storage APIs, IndexedDB APIs, and Cache APIs.

What are Cookies, and History?

When visiting websites, you may have noticed cookie pop-ups requesting your consent to receive cookies. Although you might frequently just accept these requests at face value and move on to the next job, these cookies are actually records made by the websites you visit. They recognize and keep track of the files that, by preserving data as you browse or return to a website, facilitate your online experience.

To make a webpage load faster on your subsequent visit, the browser cache saves portions of pages, such as graphics.

Your surfing history is a list of the websites you have previously visited. You can erase your history if you want to keep certain details secret. You can protect your personal information by doing this.

Let’s look at how to clear the cache, cookies, and history from your browser.

Google Chrome

  1. Click the three dots in the top right corner of Chrome while it is open on your computer.
  2. Select Clear Browsing Data and Additional Tools.
  3. Check the boxes next to Download History, Browsing History, Cookies, and Other Site Data.
  4. Additionally, you can revisit Basic Settings and select the time range from the drop-down menu. You can select the option of your choice, but if you want to remove your cache, select All time.
  5. Click the Clear data option to finish.


  1. If you’re using Safari, choose History > Clear History from the top menu.
  2. Select the time frame you want to erase, then select Clear History.
  3. Your cache and your browser history will be erased.

Mozilla Firefox

  1. Click on the hamburger menu in the top right corner of Firefox.
  2. Select Privacy and Security from the left panel after that. Scroll down to Cookies and Site Data after that.
  3. Click on Clear Data after selecting the box that reads “Delete cookies and site data when Firefox is closed.”


  1. Choose Clear Recent History from the History menu.
  2. If the menu bar is not showing, press the Alt key to show it.
  3. Choose the time range you want to clear from the drop-down menu. If you want to clear all of your cache, choose Everything.
  4. Click the down arrow next to “Details” to choose which parts of the history you want to clear. To clear all of your cache, select all items.
  5. Tap Clear Now.
  6. Close all browser windows and start the browser again.

Microsoft Edge

Click the Hub icon in the upper right corner (looks like a star with three horizontal lines).
Click on the icon that looks like a clock and says “History,” then choose “Clear all history.”
Choose Browsing history, then Cookies and saved website data, and then Cache data and files. Tap Clear.
After you see the “All Clear!” message, close all browser windows and open the browser again.


  1. Choose Settings, then Privacy & Security, and then Clear browsing data from the Opera menu.
  2. In the box that opens, choose “The beginning of time” from the “Erase the following items” drop-down menu.
  3. Choose one of these:
  4. History of browsing
  5. History, cookies, and other site data can be downloaded
  6. Images and files that have already been saved
  7. Click Remove all browsing history.
  8. Close all browser windows and start the browser again.

While logging back into your favorite websites after clearing your browser’s cache, cookies, and history may be a bother, doing so will improve your computer’s efficiency, which may make it worthwhile.

Why do you Need to Clear Cache and Cookies?

Clearing a web browser’s cache and cookies is a good first step for almost any problem with internet browsing. The “cache” is a tool that your web browser uses to make pages load faster. But it can be a problem when websites are updated or changed because files stored in the cache may conflict with what is actually coded into the website. By clearing your cache and cookies, we can be sure that any problems you run into are caused by the website itself and not by the fact that you are using a different browser.

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